Sunday, May 24, 2020

Much Ado About Nothing - Shakespeare Comedic Elements

English Draft – Much Ado About Nothing By Amanda Dodds ‘Shakespeare wrote his play in accordance with the conventions of an easily identifiable genre – history, comedy or tragedy.’ For centuries, William Shakespeare has been a beacon of storytelling genius. He has the ability to tell timeless stories that can be classified within the genres comedy, tragedy and history. Proving as relevant today as they were 500 years ago, these stories conform to certain elements that define what genre the story falls under. Comedies such as The Taming of the Shrew and A Midsummer Night’s Dream, Tragedies such as Romeo and Juliet and Hamlet and Histories such as King John and Henry V have all played a relevant role in defining the genres Shakespeare writes†¦show more content†¦This is evident as Claudio says: â€Å"If I see anything tonight, why should I not marry her tomorrow in the congregation, where I should wed, there will I shame her† (Act 3, Scene 2, Line 91) From these two examples, it is obviously evident how Shakespeare implements the mistaken identity element within his comedy Much Ado About Nothing, this element in particular generally gels with the other comedic element: Young Lovers working to overcome obstacles. Much Ado about Nothing predominately revolves around the endeavours of two couples, the younger of which in more distinction; Claudio and Hero. As many could say that another element of Shakespearean comedies could be love, it would seem a more defined term is the love between two younger people, this young couple in particular then faces hindrances that are thrown their way, eventually working through them. Whereas there is still Beatrice and Benedick who work to overcome their egomaniacal ways and eventually initiate a romance, it would seem Claudio and Hero’s complications seem to have more significance to the storyline of the play. This is also due to the fact that the elements of comedy and key plot points are in relation to their complications, such as being the younger couple and facing the mistaken identity ordeal. Nevertheless, Hero and Claudio, being the young couple, face a string of tribulations in which define them as a couple, the majority of these, come from Don John’sShow MoreRelatedThe Influence of Commedia dell’arte on Much Ado About Nothing by William Shakespeare841 Words   |  4 PagesThe Influence of Commedia dell’arte on Much Ado About Nothing by William Shakespeare Commedia dell’arte had great influence of Shakespeare’s comedy â€Å"Much Ado About Nothing†. This form of theatre shows many comparisons to the Shakespearian comedy. Commedia dell’arte created elements within a comedy that became standards across comedic literature. Love, deception, matters of outRead MoreGoing Deep into Drama Essay example872 Words   |  4 PagesMentioning about drama, William Shakespeare is the father of it. He is famous for Elizabeth drama; many criticizers complement on his plays. In The Architecture of Drama : Plot, Character, Theme, Genre, and Style, the authors explain what is drama, he. In order to understand more what drama is, Much ado about Nothing, which was written by Shakespeare, is a good sample. As how a drama is supposed to be, the play contends morality and entertainment. Just like many typical dramas, Much Ado about Nothing teachesRead MoreCommon Features of a Shakespeare Comedy1745 Words   |  7 Pagesof a Shakespeare Comedy What makes a Shakespeare comedy identifiable if the genre is not distinct from the Shakespeare tragedies and histories? This is an ongoing area of debate, but many believe that the comedies share certain characteristics, as described below: * Comedy through language: Shakespeare communicated his comedy through language and his comedy plays are peppered with clever word play, metaphors and insults. 1. Love: The theme of love is prevalent in every Shakespeare comedyRead MoreEssay about Film Versions of Shakespeare Comedies2208 Words   |  9 PagesFilm Versions of Shakespeare Comedies Shakespearean plays are complex, intricate pieces of work in which a diverse range of interpretations and readings can be made. This is particularly true of his comedies, where the light-hearted humour is often offset by darker, more serious undertones. In adapting these comedies it is for the director – in the cinematic context – to decide how to interpret the play and which elements are privileged and which are suppressed. This variance in interpretationRead MoreWilliam Shakespeare s Much Ado About Nothing And Hamlet1503 Words   |  7 Pagesliterary element that is portrayed as the definition of the character by means of their thoughts, well-being, actions, and interactions with the other set roles. William Shakespeare’s plays included dissimilar characters and different methods of characterization. The two plays that will be compared and contrasted are William Shakespeare’s Much Ado About Nothing and Hamlet. As for the characters from each play, Beat rice, Benedict, Don John, Don Pedro, Claudio, and Hero will be assessed from Much Ado AboutRead MoreThe Literary Theory Of Structuralism1203 Words   |  5 Pagesthey discover the difference between big and small before they understand the notions themselves. Therefore, by using the literary theory of French Structuralism, readers can establish the binary differences between the two sets of lovers in Much Ado about Nothing, explaining how the use of contrasting characters reveals the complexity of love, and comments on society’s conventions in Shakespeare’s day. A leading Structuralist Ferdinand de Saussure ascertains in â€Å"Course in General Linguistics† thatRead MoreAnalysis Of The Poem Hero And Claudio Essay1357 Words   |  6 Pagesspeaking a word to her. His admiration from afar over her beauty echoes the idea of courtly love. Following his entrapment, Claudio immediately asks Benedict â€Å"didst thou note the daughter of Signor / Leonato?† (I.I.132-133). He asks his friend about the lady, before he has even properly met her; he excites himself with the prospect of courting her. He considers Hero to be the ideal woman: â€Å"Can the world buy such a jewel?† (I.I.148). His love is irrational. Claudio is already willing to pourRead MoreMuch Ado About Noting1412 Words   |  6 Pagesonly a disability to those that are mentally eyeless. Shakespeare being a man of keen mental sight, he has had the ability to portray mental blindness in several of his plays. Being one of the best writers, he is actively able to capture the four elements of a well-made play being peripetiea, denouement, timely entrances and exits and incredibly gripping scene entrances and conclusions. Having written 38 plays with two original plots, Shakespeare expresses his themes through passionate romance, sorrowRead MoreThe Cohabitation Of Tragic And Comedy1830 Words   |  8 Pagesof tragic and comic elements in ONE of the plays on the course. Illustrate your answer with detailed reference to the play. Shakespeare’s All’s Well that Ends Well does not fit neatly into the category of either tragedy or comedy. Throughout the play elements of both genres are blended. These elements include plot devices, such as the bed trick and the deception of Parolles, as well as the overall arc of the plot and the central characters. The cohabitation of these elements can cause discomfortRead MoreRobins Epilogue in A Midsummer Night’s Dream3107 Words   |  13 PagesIn A Midsummer Night’s Dream, Shakespeare masterfully crafts a play with three very different viewpoints that can be interpreted, when woven together, in a number of ways that range from seemingly obvious interpretations to ones much more subtle. He ends the play with an apology that is just as elusive as the play’s interpretation. If one looks past the obvious, however, one can begin to piece together a possible message that mortals, no matter the power they hold on earth, are subject to far greater

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Divorce Law And Its Effect On The United States - 2969 Words

Marriage was described by Lord Penzance as ‘an institution for life’, however the statistics show that there is an increasing trend in the divorce law. There has been a long history of reforming the law to its current stage. Until 1857 the only way of obtaining a divorce was through an Act of Parliament, however due to its expense, it was reserved for the wealthiest. The Matrimonial Cause Act 1857 for the first time created a possibility to divorce on the ground of adultery, which was gender-biased because wife had to prove aggravating circumstances in addition to the fact of adultery. Following it, the Matrimonial Causes Act 1923 allowed the husband and the wife to rely on adultery as a ground for divorce. The Matrimonial Causes Act 1937 created additional grounds for divorce, such as cruelty, incurable insanity and desertion. The divorce became more acceptable and therefore more couples decided to proceed with the divorce petitions and there was a need to remove fault . Consequently in 1966, both the Law Commission and a group convened by the Archbiskop of Cantenbury agreed that irretrievable breakdown should be the sole ground for divorce, which wasmentioned in the Divorce Reform Act 1969. This was incorporated into the Matrimonial Causes Act 1973 (MCA 1973), which remains the current law. Divorce under the MCA1973 is granted only if the couple has been married for at least one year. The petitioner need to prove that the marriage has irretrievably broken down and needsShow MoreRelatedShould Reforms Laws Makef It Harder for a Divorce? Essay877 Words   |  4 Pages In the old days, it was so hard to get a legal divorce even if couples were unhappy. Courts would not dissolve a marriage without proof of misconduct. Today marriage educators, domestic violence experts, social workers, law makers and scholars are trying various ways to resolve marriage crisis through counseling, while divorce rates are still climbing yearly. Making it harder to obtain a divorce can have devastating effects long term emotionally, financially and physically, and socially onRead MoreEssay On Broken Family1027 Words   |  5 Pagesabandonment or divorce leaving the children with only one parent instead of the much needed two. In the beginning of a divorce parents tend to argue non-stop a nd just have a sense of despair around the household. Children around that type of atmosphere can get confused and blame themselves for such arguments and the overall unhappiness. When dealing with divorce the effects on the children vary depending on their age, time of separation and personality and family relationship (Anderson The Effect of a BrokenRead MoreDivorce And Unmarried And Single Parenting931 Words   |  4 PagesIncrease in Divorce and in Unmarried and Single-Parenting The rate of divorce rose sharply in the United States during the 1970s following the implementation of no-fault divorce laws in every state. In the last decade, the rate of divorce has stayed stable or diminished slightly. Most social scientists see this as a result, not of stronger marriages, but of the increased proportion of couples who choose to cohabit rather than marry. No record is kept of these relationships; neither their initiationRead MoreEffects Of Divorce On The United States1272 Words   |  6 PagesThe Effects of Divorce on Children Divorce is comparable to an epidemic since it has been filtering through many societies at an increasingly alarming rate. According to the most current statistic, there are more than 2.1 million marriages in the United States (â€Å"Children of Divorced Parents†). Out of those, almost half end in divorce. Divorce nowadays is extremely common. In fact, in America there is one divorce every thirty-six seconds (National Marriage and Divorce Rate Trends†). Each year overRead MoreEssay about The Effects of Divorce in American Culture1719 Words   |  7 PagesThe effects of divorce on the American culture are immense. Social scientists have been studying these effects for many years now. The studies are continuing to confirm that the climbing rate of divorce in the American culture is hurting the society and also frequently devastating the lives of many American children. More often than not people decide to get a divorce before they really think about the effects of divorce. People usually decide to get a divorce based on emotion rather than logic whichRead More The Effect of Divorce on Children Essay1104 Words   |  5 PagesThe Effect of Divorce on Children Divorce, once uncommon in our society, is now becoming more and more frequent, disrupting our childrens state of well-being. Some children of divorced families have long-term behavior problems such as depression, low self-esteem, poor school performance, acting out, and difficulties with intimate relationships. Children with divorced or divorcing parents often have a sense of abandonment, because their parents become too preoccupied with their own psychologicalRead MoreEssay on The Shocking Truths of Divorce1073 Words   |  5 Pagesabsence of a parent or a parent’s separation, divorce, when a child is developing, may affect the child’s future relationships. â€Å"Evidence shows that, on average, children who have experienced parental divorce score somewhat lower than children in first-marriage families on measures of social development, emotional well-being, self-concept, academic performance, educational attainment, and physical health† (Demo, Supple) Since there are high rates of divorce in America, I decided to write about it.Read MoreLegalize Gay Marriage Essay1495 Words   |  6 Pagescouple are granted? The United States are behind the time as far as this subject is concerned. Other countries have legalized same-sex partnerships beginning in 1989. Denmark was the first followed by Norway, Sweden, Iceland, and France within the next two years. The Netherlands, in 2001, were the first country to legalize same-sex marriages followed by Belgium and Spain. By June of 2005 Canada legalized same-sex marriages throughout the country (Fish).The United States are known to be â€Å"modern†Read More Cause and Effect Essay - Christianity Causes Divorce727 Words   |  3 PagesCause and Effect Essay - Christianity Causes Divorce â€Å"Bible Belt Couples ‘Put Asunder’ More,† the New York Times proclaimed on May 21 of this year: â€Å"The divorce rate in many parts of the Bible Belt is roughly 50% above the national average.† So much for the notion that secularism is to blame for the decline of traditional families, among other frequently lamented social ills. Apparently, in a least a few states, the divorce rate correlates to an excess of piety, not the absence of it. WhatRead MoreDivorce Law1375 Words   |  6 PagesDivorce is a growing epidemic in Canada and the United States. It affects both parties involved, being the spouses, and also has a profound affect on children of the marriage. Recently our government has been revising the old divorce act. It was apparent that it was time to revise the act because it did not properly protect the children from being caught in the middle of things. Divorce is defined as follows: to dissolve legally a marriage between; separate (one of a married couple) from the other

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Marxist Perspective on Education Essay - 1564 Words

Education system is seen as an important part of the superstructure in society. This statement was written in a Marxism perspective by individuals who see education not just an important part of the superstructure but as well an important aspect in a child life. Even though Karl Marx himself did not widely write about education, many of his followers did. This paper will look at how class and alienation which is a theory that Karl Marx wrote, plays a part in education and a general look at the perspective and how it relates to education. Secondly this essay will look at how other perspective not only relates to Marxism but as well as education. Lastly, this paper will look at how Marxism perspective can play an important role in the†¦show more content†¦Now turning towards Alienation in the workforce, it somewhat has the same effect towards its workers with the feeling of dissatisfaction since it alienates man from nature, himself and his daily activities. Within the school system, a hierarchy is being taught, which socialises pupils into accepting the principle of stratification. There are three types of students within the school system, which are 1) the ideal pupil who are easily controlled; 2) normal pupil and lastly the problem children ( (Fekete, 2002). this relates to the class system Marx is known about as schools are considered to be unfair on working class children because they are generally middle-class institutions and it is noticed that the middle class children do better. Not only are the school middle class institutions, the values that the school passes on to their students, the attitudes they inculcated, the behaviours and respect for authority they demanded, even the time keeping and regular work practices they imposed were seen as both a preparation of the next generation of labourers for an uncritical and docile acceptance of the relations of productions and an ideological reproduction of modern bourgeois social relations as natural (tubbs, 1999). Incorporated to this would be class and how not every individual would be able to attend school to the highest level mainlyShow MoreRelatedThe Marxist Perspective on Education Essay538 Words   |  3 PagesThe Marxist Perspective on Education Marxists such as Louis Althusser, Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis refute the Functionalist view that industrial capitalist societies are meritocracies and that every ones position in society is based on talent and hard work. They suggest ideas for why this is the case. Althusser bases his theory around the idea of education being an ideological state apparatus. Bowles and Gintis theory is based on the long shadow of work andRead MoreMarxism and Health Care1239 Words   |  5 PagesHow does one theoretical perspective discussed in chapter two contribute to a deeper sociological understanding of health and health care? For many years sociological approaches towards health were not adequately utilised as a means of gaining an enriched understanding of concurrent physical and social issues relating to health care. The application of theoretical perspectives in reference to health emerged during the 1950’s and was commonly perceived as being empirical rather then theoretical inRead MoreCritically Evaluate the Marxist Perspsctive of the Family925 Words   |  4 PagesCritically evaluate the Marxist perspective of the family According to Marx’s perspective, family is seen as an obstruction to achieve the communist goals, as it is crucial to passing the established order such as cultural ideals on to the next generation. However, Marx was focused on social class rather than the role of family, it was his friend Engels trace the evolution of the family in â€Å"The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State† (1884 , Zurich) In this context, this essay willRead MoreImpact Of Social Institutions On Caribbean Culture1223 Words   |  5 Pagesinstitutions: family, education, political systems †¢ Understand the main ideas of the Marxist and Functionalist perspectives †¢ Understand the Marxist and perspective on social institutions Functionalist Social Institutions †¢ Social Institutions are a fundamental part of the operations of society. They are the major organising framework in social life. Social institutions have evolved overtime and therefore embody what the society holds valuable in relation to family, education, religion, the justiceRead MoreConflicting Perspectives of the Ideal Family Essay1174 Words   |  5 Pages(Haralamos and Holborn p470). On the other hand, there are some weaknesses associated the functionalist perspective on the family. The ‘first is that they ignore the dark side of the family’ (McGraw-Hill . (2004),for example, conflict between husband and wife, child abuse and male dominance etc. They also pay less attention on the harmful effects the family may have on the wider society. Unlike the Marxists, the functionalists never consider variations in family life based on class, ethnicity, religionRead MoreAssess the View That the Nuclear Family Functions to Benefit All It Members and Society of a Whole1216 Words   |  5 Pageschallenged inadequate to describe the complexity of actual family relations. In this essay, I shall be assessing the views that the nuclear family functions to benefit all its members and society as a whole, from a Functionalist, Feminist and a Marxist perspective. In order to assess these views, it’s necessary to first establish the functions that the nuclear family performs and then to assess whether these do benefit all family members and the wider society. Functionalists believe that society isRead MoreHow Teacher s Expectations Play An Important Role On The Pupil s Educational Career1493 Words   |  6 PagesEducation is considered one factor of socialisation. It involves the acquisition of knowledge and the learning skills(Haralambos, 2004). From functionalist and Marxist macro-sociological perspectives education is a second agency of socialisation. Functionalist perspective was the dominant approach until the 1960s. This consensus theory argued that education helps to transmit society s norms and values. It promotes a meritocratic society by allocating people on their appropriate jobs. However, MarxistRead MoreAn Understanding Of The 7 Main Sociological Perspectives1572 Words   |  7 PagesIn this assignment I will be explaining and show an understanding of the 7 main sociological perspectives. These include; Marxism, Functionalism, Internationalism, Feminism, Postmodernism, Collectivism and The New Right. These perspectives and approaches enable us to see how societies and the behaviour of people are different according to the different approaches. To begin with, the Marxist perspective was acknowledged in the 20th century by the theorist Karl Marx. There are two main social classesRead MoreThe World Bank And Its Effects On Developing Countries Essay1572 Words   |  7 Pagescountries. To gain an even better understanding of the influence the World Bank has, it will be examined taking into account each schools of thought and a project implemented in Ethiopia will be analyzed. Liberalist, Underdevelopment, and Marxist Perspectives on Development and World Bank The liberalist view on economic development is that the world economy benefits developing economies through trade, international aid, and foreign investment, but economic development is mostly affected by the organizationsRead MoreDiscuss the Structural (Ist) Functionalist Perspective in Sociology. (Your Answer Should Focus on the Strengths and Weaknesses of Functionalist and Marxist Perspectives)1206 Words   |  5 PagesQuestion: Discuss the structural (ist) functionalist perspective in sociology. (Your answer should focus on the strengths and weaknesses of functionalist and Marxist perspectives) __________________________________________________________________ The Functionalist perspective has contributed immensely to the structure of society and the understanding of human behaviour in society. It is a based on an analogy between social systems and organic systems and has identified numerous ways which state

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Leadership Theories of Businesses and Organizations

Question: Discuss about the Leadership Theories of Businesses and Organizations. Answer: Introduction: Leadership theories have played a crucial role in advancing businesses and organizations across the globe. It must be noted that theories of leadership have often acted as the keys to success in terms of organizational growth and development. Myriads of leadership theories have been proposed by scholars and academicians in several fields and specifically in the field of management, and among those advocated leadership theories, four leadership theories deserve special mention, viz. Fiedlers Contingency Theory, Situational Leadership Theory (developed by Paul Hersey and Ken Blanchard), Path-Goal Theory, and Leader Substitute Model. Fred Fiedlers Contingency Theory appeared in his work, Leader Attitudes and Group Effectiveness that was published in 1958 (Leadership-central.com, 2016). Classified under the genre of contingency theories, Fiedlers theory states that, the efficacy of a leader does not solely depend on the style of leading, but it is also reliant on the degree of control over a particular situation (Leadership-central.com, 2016). A good leadership needs to develop a good leader-follower/member relation, and it is also imperative for a good leader to convey to the followers, clearly, the goals that are to be accomplished (Leadership-central.com, 2016). Good leadership also depends largely on the ability of the leader to use rewards and punishments effectively in the course of motivating followers/members/employees (Leadership-central.com, 2016). Hersey-Blanchard Situational Leadership Theory or simply, Situational Leadership Theory advocates the role of situation in determining the efficacy of a leader. The theory states that there is no single leadership style that can be considered the best, and that, the quality and efficacy of leadership depends largely upon each individual situation (Hersey-Blanchard Situational Leadership Theory, 2016). The theory states that the key ingredients required for a leader to succeed include goal-setting capability, capacity to assume responsibility and accountability, education, and experience in handling difficult situations (Hersey-Blanchard Situational Leadership Theory, 2016). It is noteworthy that, For Hershey and Blanchard, tasks are different and each type of task requires a different leadership style (Hersey-Blanchard Situational Leadership Theory, 2016). Another important theory of leadership is the Path-Goal Theory which states that good leaders should encourage and support their followers in the course of accomplishing the given goals and objectives by making the path they should take clear and easy (Changingminds.org, 2016). This theory states that a leader must clarify the path to success to his/her subordinates so that the subordinates can ascertain the right direction (Changingminds.org, 2016). The theory puts the burden of responsibility of removing roadblocks for the subordinates on the shoulders of the leaders, and it holds leaders accountable for increasing rewards along the route to success that subordinates take being influenced by the leaders (Changingminds.org, 2016). The Leader Substitute Model or Substitutes for Leadership Theory, on the other hand, states that there are certain circumstances in which situational factors may eventually substitute for leadership (ORG Module Unit 6: Leadership, n.d.). There are certain situational factors, which, according to the model, may neutralize leadership and may thereby prevent the leadership from taking any action (ORG Module Unit 6: Leadership, n.d.). It is noteworthy that situational or organizational factors like job design, group cohesion, employee/follower characteristics, etc, may contribute to the process of substituting leaders in a given situation (ORG Module Unit 6: Leadership, n.d.). In this respect the theory proposes that, Well-designed jobs that provide clarity, meaning and intrinsic motivation should require little guidance and inspiration from a leader (ORG Module Unit 6: Leadership, n.d.). In conclusion, myriads of leadership theories have been proposed by scholars and academicians in several fields and specifically in the field of management, and among those advocated leadership theories, four leadership theories deserve special mention, viz. Fiedlers Contingency Theory, Situational Leadership Theory (developed by Paul Hersey and Ken Blanchard), Path-Goal Theory, and Leader Substitute Model. References Changingminds.org (2016). Path-Goal Theory of Leadership. Retrieved December 18, 2016, from https://changingminds.org/disciplines/leadership/styles/path_goal_leadership.htm Hersey-Blanchard Situational Leadership Theory (2016). Retrieved December 18, 2016, from https://www.leadership-central.com/situational-leadership-theory.html#axzz4TA2sRHn8 Leadership-central.com (2016). Fiedler's Contingency Theory. Retrieved December 18, 2016, from https://www.leadership-central.com/fiedler's-contingency-theory.html#axzz4TA2sRHn8 ORG Module Unit 6: Leadership (n.d.). 6.7 Substitutes for Leadership. Retrieved December 18, 2016, from https://www.le.ac.uk/oerresources/psychology/organising/page_13.htm

Sunday, March 8, 2020

How to Create a Rubric in 6 Steps

How to Create a Rubric in 6 Steps How to Create a Rubric: Introduction Perhaps you have never even thought about the care it takes to create a rubric. Perhaps you have never even heard  of a rubric and its usage in education, in which case, you should take a peek at this article: What is a rubric? Basically, this tool that teachers and professors use to help them  communicate expectations, provide focused feedback, and grade products, can be invaluable when the correct answer is not as cut and dried as Choice A on a multiple choice test. But creating a great rubric is more than just slapping some expectations on a paper, assigning some percentage points, and calling it a day. A good rubric needs to be designed with care and precision in order to truly help teachers distribute and receive the expected work.   Steps to Create a Rubric The following six steps will help you when you decide to use a rubric for assessing an essay, a project, group work, or any other task that does not have a clear right or wrong answer.   Step 1: Define Your Goal Before you can create a rubric, you need to decide the type of rubric youd like to use, and that will largely be determined by your goals for the assessment. Ask yourself the following questions: How detailed do I want my feedback to be?  How will I break down my expectations for this project?Are all of the tasks equally important?How do I want to assess performance?What standards must the students hit in order to achieve acceptable or exceptional performance?Do I want to give one final grade on the project or a cluster of smaller grades based on several criteria?Am I grading based on the work or on participation? Am I grading on both? Once youve figured out how detailed youd like the rubric to be and the goals you are trying to reach, you can choose a type of rubric. Step 2: Choose a Rubric Type Although there are many variations of rubrics, it can be helpful to at least have a standard set to help you decide where to start. Here are two that are widely used in teaching as defined by DePaul Universitys Graduate Educational department: Analytic Rubric: This is the standard grid rubric that many teachers routinely use to assess students work. This is the optimal rubric for providing clear, detailed feedback. With an analytic rubric,  criteria for the students work is listed in the left column and performance levels are listed across the top. The squares inside the grid will typically contain the specs for each level. A rubric for an essay, for example, might contain criteria like Organization, Support, and Focus, and may contain performance levels like (4) Exceptional, (3) Satisfactory, (2) Developing, and (1) Unsatisfactory.​ The performance levels are typically given percentage points or letter grades and a final grade is typically calculated at the end. The scoring rubrics for the ACT and SAT are designed this way, although when students take them, they will receive a holistic score.   Holistic Rubric:  This is the type of rubric that is much easier to create, but much more difficult to use accurat ely. Typically, a teacher provides a series of letter grades or a range of numbers (1-4 or 1-6, for example) and then assigns expectations for each of those scores. When grading, the teacher  matches the student work in its entirety to a single description on the scale. This is useful for grading multiple essays, but it does not leave room for detailed feedback on student work.   Step 3: Determine Your Criteria This is where the learning objectives for your unit or course come into play. Here, youll need to brainstorm a list of knowledge and skills you would like to assess for the project. Group them according to similarities and get rid of anything that is not absolutely critical. A rubric with too much criteria is difficult to use! Try to stick with 4-7 specific  subjects for which youll be able to create unambiguous, measurable expectations in the performance levels. Youll want to be able to spot the criteria quickly while grading and be able to explain them quickly when instructing your students. In an analytic rubric, the criteria are typically listed along the left column.   Step 4: Create Your Performance Levels Once you have determined the broad levels you would like students to demonstrate mastery of, you will need to figure out what type of scores you will assign based on each level of mastery. Most ratings scales include between three and five levels. Some teachers use a combination of numbers and descriptive labels like (4) Exceptional, (3) Satisfactory, etc. while other teachers simply assign numbers, percentages, letter grades or any combination of the three for each level. You can arrange them from highest to lowest or lowest to highest as long as your levels are organized and easy to understand.   Step 5: Write Descriptors for Each Level of Your Rubric This is probably your most difficult step in creating a rubric.Here, you will need to write short statements of your expectations underneath each performance level for every single criteria. The descriptions should be specific and measurable. The language should be parallel to help with student comprehension and the degree to which the standards are met should be explained. Again, to use an analytic essay rubric as an example, if your criteria was Organization and you used the  (4) Exceptional, (3) Satisfactory, (2) Developing, and (1) Unsatisfactory scale, you would need to write the specific content a student would need to produce to meet each level. It could look something like this: 4Exceptional 3Satisfactory 2Developing 1 Unsatisfactory Organization Organization is coherent, unified, and effective in support of the papers purpose andconsistently demonstrateseffective and appropriatetransitionsbetween ideas and paragraphs. Organization is coherent and unified in support of the papers purpose and usually demonstrates effective and appropriate transitions between ideas and paragraphs. Organization is coherent insupport of the essays purpose, but is ineffective at times and may demonstrate abrupt or weak transitions between ideas or paragraphs. Organization is confused and fragmented. It does not support the essays purpose and demonstrates alack of structure or coherence that negativelyaffects readability. A holistic rubric would not break down the essays grading criteria with such precision. The top two tiers of a holistic essay rubric would look more like this: 6 Essay demonstrates excellent composition skills including a clear and thought-provoking thesis, appropriate and effective organization, lively and convincing supporting materials, effective diction and sentence skills, and perfect or near perfect mechanics including spelling and punctuation. The writing perfectly accomplishes the objectives of the assignment. 5 Essay contains strong composition skills including a clear and thought-provoking thesis, but development, diction, and sentence style may suffer minor flaws. The essay shows careful and acceptable use of mechanics. The writing effectively accomplishes the goals of the assignment. Step 6: Revise Your Rubric After creating the descriptive language for all of the levels (making sure it is parallel, specific and measurable), you need to go back through and limit your rubric to a single page. Too many parameters will be difficult to assess at once, and may be an ineffective way to assess students mastery of a specific standard. Consider the effectiveness of the rubric, asking for student understanding and co-teacher feedback before moving forward. Do not be afraid to revise as necessary. It may even be helpful to grade a sample project in order to gauge the effectiveness of your rubric. You can always adjust the rubric if need be before handing it out, but once its distributed, it will be difficult to retract.   Teacher Resources: Creative Writing Prompts for High School Students14 Ways to Write Better in High SchoolThe Top Reading Skills to Teach Your StudentsGreat Books to Recommend To Teens

Friday, February 21, 2020

Web activity 2 Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words

Web activity 2 - Research Paper Example The value proposed by these scientists is higher than VAP measure because the VAP measure does not account for increased number of immigrants along with convicted felons while calculating the total population that can vote in presidential elections. This is why the VEP has been able to calculate a higher rate of turn around as compared to the VAP. While calculating the figures of voting population one should use the VEP measure because it takes into consideration the demographics of the population that is technically eligible to vote. The population that passes the eligibility test is the ones who are registered to vote. It eliminates those who can not register or vote which includes those who are non citizens and those who are considered as felons (United States Elections Project 2008). VEP is more appropriate than VAP because the registration has become easier than before; new programs such as mail services have been used by the US to register voters. Due to introduction of technology in voting registration, the numbers have increased and should be clearly taken into account. The total turnaround rate of US is higher than the total turnaround rate of Texas even though several new ways of voting have been used such as the mailing and online registration system. This is due to several reasons which mainly include socio and economical reasons. One of the main reasons is that the education and literacy rate of Texas is quite low and a huge number of the population is below the eligibility age. Secondly due to lower literacy rate, the population of Texas has failed to use the advance ways of registering and voting. The total population of Texas is heavily covered by minorities who do not get a chance to vote or fear